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Useful Books in Acoustics, Noise and Vibration

The comments about each book have been adapted/edited from information provided by the publisher of each book. They represent the opinions of the publishers and do not necessarily represent the views of the International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration (IIAV)

1. Acoustic Control of Turbulent Jets

By A. S. Ginevsky, Y.V. Vlasov and R. K. Karavosov
ISBN: 3-540-20143-2, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2004
232 pages, Price: Euro 89.95

Review: This work presents the results of experimental research on aerodynamic and acoustic control of subsonic turbulent jets by acoustic excitation. The authors demonstrate that these control methods can not only intensify mixing (by acoustic irradiation at low frequency), but also notably ease it (at high-frequency irradiation). This research monograph presents the updated results of the authors supplemented by other investigations conducted in USA, Germany and Great Britain. The methods for the numerical simulation of subsonic turbulent jets under acoustic excitation are described in detail, and examples of practical applications, including reduction of turbojet engine noise and acoustic control of self-sustained oscillations in wind tunnels, are reviewed. The book is aimed at researchers and engineers interested in aerodynamic and acoustic characteristics of jet flows.

2. Acoustic Interactions with Submerged Elastic Structures—Part I: Acoustic Scattering and Resonances

Edited by Ardeshir Guran, Jean Ripoche & Franz Zeigler
ISBN: 981-02-2964-X, World Scientific Publishing Co. Ltd, Singapore, 1996
343 pages, Price: US $75

Review: The interaction of acoustic fields with submerged elastic structures is being investigated at various institutions and laboratories worldwide with ever-increasing sophistication of modeling, experiment and analysis. This book offers the reader a sampling of contributions from these research centers that represent the present state-of-the-art in the study of acoustic-elastic interactions. The topics covered in this volume include the description of acoustic scattering from submerged elastic objects and shells by the resonance scattering theory (RST), and the interpretation of these phenomena in terms of interface waves. It also includes the use of this theory for the purpose of inverse scattering, i.e., determination of the scattering objects' properties from the received signals. The problems of acoustically excited waves in inhomogeneous and anisotropic materials and inhomogeneous propagating waves is also considered. Vibrations and resonances of elastics shells, including shells with various kind of internal attachments, are analysed. Acoustic scattering experiments are described in the time domain, and on the basis of the Wigner-Ville distribution. Acoustic propagation in the water columns over elastic boundaries is studied experimentally both in the laboratory and in the ocean, and is analysed theoretically. A variety of models for oceanic sound propagation is discussed, including matched field processing. Applications of the theory of wavelets and solitons are presented. A comprehensive picture of these complex phenomena and other aspects is presented in this book by researchers who are experts in each of these domains, giving up-to-date accounts of the present state of the field in all these aspects. Because of the large number of contributions to the present volume, it had to be subdivided into several parts of which this is Part I. This book will be of interest to engineers, physicists and applied mathematicians.

3. Acoustics and Noise Control Handbook for Architects and Builders

By Leland K. Irvine and Roy L. Richards
ISBN: 0-89464-922-1, Krieger Publishing Company, USA, 1998
194 pages, Price: $44.50

Review: This book will serve as a guide for lecture courses for architectural and engineering students at the graduate or undergraduate level, and also as a reference for professionals with no background in acoustics or building noise control. Emphasis is placed on the most common categories of projects, including educational and medical facilities, office buildings, multifamily residences, multipurpose auditoria, and churches. Most of the acoustic data is presented graphically, and the principles and procedures are explained in the text.

4. Acoustics for Audiologists

By Peter Haughton
ISBN: 0-12-332922-1, Academic Press, 2002
432 pages, Price: US $79.95

Review: Many who come to work in audiology have little previous training in acoustics, or in the physical sciences generally. They find these subjects difficult, but when they seek help from books on audiology, they are likely to find only superficial accounts, whereas books on acoustics mostly assume a physics-based readership and are consequently too difficult for the general reader. Acoustics for Audiologists fills this gap well. It can be read at several levels. At the most basic, it provides a full explanation of many of the general principles and special terms in acoustics that are relevant to clinical audiology and audiological science. The main text is supported by an introductory chapter covering the underlying physics, an appendix on the required mathematics, worked examples and questions and more than 170 figures. At a more advanced level, the book answers the needs of students of audiological science and audiological medicine for whom previous studies have not included the physical sciences.

5. Acoustics in Moving Inhomogeneous Media

By Vladimir E. Ostashev
ISBN: 0-419-22430-0, E & FN Spon, London,1997
259 pages, Price: US $176

Review: This is the first book to offer a complete and rigorous study of sound propagation and scattering in moving media that have regular and random inhomogeneities in adiabatic sound speed, density and medium velocity. Although the emphasis is on mathematical development, the author has provided many numerical examples of practical interest taken from relevant contexts in atmospheric and oceanic acoustics. These include the effects of ocean currents and the extent to which the vector wind effects in the atmosphere may be treated in terms of effective sound speed gradients. The book is an invaluable resource for engineers and scientists who work on outdoor noise control, on acoustical detection and ranging in the atmosphere, and on acoustical remote sensing of the atmosphere and ocean, whether they are based in industry, or government and military laboratories and institutions. It will be required reading for researchers who use numerical methods in these fields and its step by step approach makes it an important reference for teachers and graduate students.

6. Acoustics of American English Speech: A Dynamic Approach

By Joseph P. Olive, Alice Greenwood and John Coleman
ISBN: 0-387-97984-0, Springer, New York, 1993
396 pages, Price: US $84.95

Review: This book presents the most contemporary and comprehensive description of the acoustics of American English speech. Intended to serve as an introductory text for students and professionals interested in acoustic phonetics, linguistics, physics, electrical engineering, and computer science, the authors bring to the subject the points of view of both linguistics and physics. The book uses numerous examples of acoustic spectrograms to show the continuities and variability of natural speech. The book begins with an introduction to the basic concepts of phonetics and phonology to readers whose background is in physics or engineering and presents the physics of sound generation and analysis for speech scientists and linguists. Starting from this basis, the authors then exam­ine the characteristics of individual vowels and consonants as well as the acoustic interactions which result when they are combined in speech. The variability of speech due to differences between speakers and dialects is also discussed.

7. Acoustics: Basic Physics, Theory and Methods

By P. Filippi, D. Habault, J. P. Lefebvre and A. Bergasssoli
ISBN: 0-12-256190-2, Academic Press, 1999
317 pages, Price: US $86.95

Review: Devoted to the fundamentals of acoustics and vibro-acoustics, this book presents a complete general theory of the subject in a unique, concise and logical manner. The authors have produced a very accessible text, where the eminently practical theory is fully supported by both classic analytical methods and contemporary mathematical techniques. This well-received textbook includes a series of practical problems based on the content of each chapter, reference to the major treatises and fundamental recent papers, and current computing techniques used in problem solving. The book will be invaluable to engineering students, first- and second-year postgraduates and PhD students. The book will also be a useful reference to practising acoustical scientists and engineers.

8. Acoustopolariscopy of Minerals and Rocks

By Feliks Gorbatsevich, 2009. Acoustopolariscopy of minerals and rocks. VDM Verlag, SaarbrĂĽcken, 144 p. Price $61.33

Review: This monograph presents the principles, mathematical, physical and technical bases for a new line of investigation on a solid body - the acoustic polarization method (acoustopolariscopy). This method is an analogue of the optic polarization method. It is suitable for opaque polymineral media. To realize this method transducers of purely linear polarized shear waves, combined transducers transmitting longitudinal and shear waves and a few types of a new device – acoustopolariscope have been elaborated. The latest version of a power-driven acoustopolariscope is interfaced with computer for storing, processing and plotting data. As practice showed, the field of application of this method and devices is determining properties and states, non-destructive testing of solid media, such as crystalline rocks, crystals, concrete, ceramics, plastic, metals, wood, composite materials etc. Detection of dislocations, microcracks, non-homogeneities, their orientation, intensity etc. are important tasks solved by this method. With the acoustopolariscopy method the students at universities can study the theory and practice of elastic waves propagating through anisotropic solids. There is another big field for application of this method and devices: the acoustopolariscopy is suitable to determine the whole set of constants and the type of cubic, hexagonal, tetragonal, orthorhombic and other symmetries of a solid body. One important field for application is to determine the level of strain and orientation of stress in machinery.

9. Active Control of Noise and Vibration

By Colin H. Hansen and Scott D. Snyder
ISBN: 0-419-19390-1, E & FN Spon, London,1997
1267 pages, Price: US $393

Review: Written for all those involved in the active control of noise and vibration, both in industry and the academic field, this study breaks new ground in the field. In the first half of the book, the authors explore the fundamental concepts underlying the various sub-disciplines of active noise and vibration control. They explain how active control systems can be designed and implemented in practice, and show the pitfalls which must be avoided to ensure a reliable and stable system. They then apply these concepts to practical systems, and among many other subjects discuss in detail the active control of sound in ducts, sound transmission into enclosures, structural vibration and isolation, and sensors and actuators. This major work is the first to treat the active control of both sound and vibration in a unified way, and describes the state-of-the-art in developments and research.

10. Active Control of Vibration

Ed. by C. R. Fuller, S. J. Elliott, and P. A. Nelson
ISBN: 0122694406 (hardcover), Academic Press, 1996
332 pages, Price: US $ 111.11

Review: This book summarizes the principles underlying active vibration control and its practical applications by combining material from vibrations, mechanics, signal processing, acoustics, and control theory. The emphasis of the book is on the active control of waves in structures, the active isolation of vibrations, the use of distributed strain actuators and sensors, and the active control of structurally radiated sound. The feed forward control of deterministic disturbances, the active control of structural waves and the active isolation of vibrations are covered in detail, as is more conventional work on modal feedback. The principles of the transducers used as actuators and sensors for such control strategies are also given an in-depth description. The reader will find particularly interesting the two chapters on the active control of sound radiation from structures: active structural acoustic control. The reason for controlling high frequency vibration is often to prevent sound radiation, and the principles and practical application of such techniques are presented here for both plates and cylinders. The volume is written in textbook style and is aimed at students, practicing engineers, and researchers. It is a companion text to Active Control of Sound by P. A. Nelson and S. J. Elliott, also published by Academic Press.

11. Active Noise Control Systems: Algorithms and DSP Implementations

By Sen M. Kuo, Dennis R. Morgan
ISBN: 0-471-13424-4, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996
408 pages, Price: £ 83.95, € 118.40

Review: This volume introduces the basic concepts of ANC with an emphasis on digital signal processing (DSP) hardware and adaptive signal processing algorithms, both of which have come into prominence within the last decade. The authors emphasize the practical aspects of ANC systems by combining the principles of adaptive signal processing with both experimental results and practical implementation. Applications are cited in many fields and encompass all types of noise media, including air-acoustic, hydroacoustic, vibrations, and others. The specific implementation stressed is based on the TMS320 family of signal processors from Texas Instruments, which are the most widely used worldwide. Coverage of theory includes concise derivations and analyses of commonly used adaptive structures and algorithms for active noise control applications, which are enhanced by the inclusion of a floppy disk featuring C and assembly programs for implementing many ANC systems. Mathematical representations are employed and the source code included on the disk is in a form that is easily accessible to anyone using the book. The book will prove useful for practicing engineers, researchers, and advanced students in signal processing.

12. Adaptive Structures : Dynamics and Control

By Robert L. Clark, William R. Saunders, Gary P. Gibbs
ISBN: 0-471-12262-9, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998
488 pages, Price: £ 109, € 152,20

Review: An applications-oriented approach for engineers and advanced students, Adaptive Structures covers key concepts and practical issues involved in translating much of the theory of adaptive structures into successful, real-world hardware. Easily applied to a variety of application physics, the material emphasizes the integration of control strategies, transduction device dynamics, and spatial signal processing through novel sensing methods and actuator configurations (physical or transformed coordinates). The book contains essential models of adaptive structures and components to facilitate design approaches. The accompanying disk features script files, operating under MATLAB, which can be used to generate most of the results presented throughout the book and are invaluable to readers developing their own structural models. Topics include fundamentals of structural dynamics; linear systems and signals; and signal processing and digital filters; transduction device dynamics and links between physical, modal, and wave domain models for structural dynamic analysis and control; and an application-oriented review of adaptive feedforward control and multivariable feedback control system architectures.

13. Advances in Acoustics Technology

Ed. by J. M. Martin Hernandez
ISBN: 0471-95149-8, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1994
271 pages, Price: US $165

Review: Over the last thirty years, the European aeronautical industry has achieved a respected and internationally successful position. This offering from the EC-Aeronautics Research Series presents the results of recent research projects in areas critical to the future competitiveness of the industry in world markets. It contains technical publications of the completed EC-Aeronautics pilot-phase project, which has been supported under Area 5: "Specific Activities Relating to Aeronautics" of the BRITE/EURAM Programme within the Second Framework Programme of European Community Activities in the Field of Research and Technology Development (1989-1992).The three projects included here carried out work in three areas of noise and acoustics technologies: exterior noise, cabin noise, and acoustics loads in relation to structural fatigue.

14. An Introduction to the Finite Element Method

By J. N. Reddy
ISBN: 0-07-051355-4, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1993, 2nd ed.
684 pages, Price: US $147

Review: Aimed at final-year graduate and postgraduate students of the finite element method, this book introduces the method as applied to linear, non-linear and one- and two-dimensional problems of engineering and applied sciences. It includes a step-by-step systematic approach to the formulation and analysis of differential and integral equations in variational forms. The book adopts a differential equation approach, avoiding the need for knowledge of the variational principles of solid mechanics in the development of the finite element models. The need for the weighted-integral formulation of differential equations is explained clearly, providing the student with logical reasons for the recasting of differential equations into variational form. In this second edition, the text has been reorganized from five to fourteen chapters, and the book provides clearer and complete explanations of many basic concepts. Also featured are additional details on the construction of weak forms, time approximations, alternative finite element formation and nonlinear element formulations, and non finite element models. New topics include trusses and frames, Timosenko beam element, Eigenvalue problems and classic plate bending elements. Exercises appear at the end of each chapter, and a solutions manual is available (0-07-051356-2). The second edition is intended for the junior-senior-graduate level course in the finite element method. This text includes a step-by-step, systematic approach to the formulation and analysis of differential and integral equations in variational forms for use as finite element methods.

15. Architectural Acoustics: Principles and Practice

Ed. by William J. Cavanaugh and Joseph A. Wilkes
ISBN: 0-471-30682-7, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999
332 pages, Price: US $99

Review: Architectural Acoustics provides vital information to architects, engineers, and all concerned with the built environment and the need to control and direct wanted or unwanted sounds within and around buildings. A team of internationally recognized experts presents the very latest information on acoustical materials, technologies, design criteria, and methods for a wide variety of applications, including airports and other transportation facilities; theaters, churches, and concert halls; classrooms, lecture halls, and libraries; music practice rooms and recording studios; sports venues; and all types of residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. This comprehensive reference is one of the few books of its kind to include richly detailed case studies that demonstrate real-world applications of acoustic principles, materials, and methods. Nearly two hun­dred photos and illustrations further elucidate specific principles, applications, and techniques.

16. Asymptotical Mechanics of Thin-Walled Structures

By I. Andrianov, J. Awrejcewicz and L. I. Manevitch
ISBN: 3-540-40876-2, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2004
535 pages, Price: US $179

Review: This volume presents a detailed and systematic treatment of asymptotic methods in the theory of plates and shells. The book includes sections on the basic principles of asymptotics and their applications, traditional approaches, such as regular and singular perturbations, and new approaches, such as the composite equations approach. The book introduces the reader to the field of asymptotic simplification of the problems of the theory of plates and shells and will be useful as a handbook of methods of asymptotic integration. Providing a state-of-the-art review of asymptotic applications, this book will be useful as an introduction to the field for novices as well as a reference book for specialists.

17. Auditorium Acoustics and Architectural Design

By Michael Barron
ISBN: 0-419-17710-8, E & FN Spon, London,1993
443 pages, Price: US $125

Review: As performance art forms have developed over the centuries, so too have the buildings to house them. Functionally and acoustically, properties of a particular room type can enhance the quality of a performance, raising artistic and production standards. Modern concert halls and opera houses are now very specialized buildings with specific acoustical characteristics. These characteristics are explored in this comprehensive and liberally illustrated book. Auditorium Acoustics and Architectural Design builds on recent research and provides a thorough analysis of the state-of-the-art acoustic design of concert halls, drama theatres, opera houses and multi-purpose halls. Arguments are supported by forty detailed case studies and architectural drawings of seventy auditoria at a scale of 1:500. This book is an important resource for designers, architects, acousticians, engineers and students of design for the performing arts.

18. Cochlear Implants: Fundamentals and Applications

By Graeme Clark
ISBN: 0-387-95583-6, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 2003
830 pages, Price: US $129

Review: Written by the "father" of the multiple-channel implant, this comprehensive text and reference gives an account of the fundamental principles underlying cochlear implants and their clinical application. It thus discusses work in all relevant disciplines, including anatomy; pathology, biophysics and electrochemistry, speech science, surgical procedures and the management of complications of crucial importance to surgeons, but also to scientists and engineers, and socioeconomic and ethical issues. For the clinician, the book will provide guidance in the treatment of patients; for the engineer and researcher, it will provide the background for further research; and for the student, it will provide a thorough understanding of the subject.

19. Computational Atmospheric Acoustics

By Erik M. Salomons
ISBN: 0-7923-7161-5, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001
335 pages, Price: US $109, € 125, £ 76

Review: Noise from cars, trains, and airplanes can be heard at great distances from the source. Accurate predictions of the loudness of the noise require accurate computations of sound propagation in the atmosphere. This book describes models that can be used for these computations. The models take into account complex effects of the atmosphere and the ground surface on sound waves, including the effects of wind and temperature distributions, atmospheric turbulence, irregular terrain, and noise barriers. The main text of the book focuses on physical effects in atmospheric acoustics. The effects are illustrated by many numerical examples. The main text requires a very limited mathematical background from the reader; detailed mathematical descriptions of the models, developed from the basic principles of acoustics, are presented in appendices. Models for moving media are compared with models that are based on the effective sound speed approach. Both two-dimensional models and three-dimensional models are presented. As meteorological effects play an important role in atmospheric acoustics, selected topics from boundary layer meteorology and the theory of turbulence are also presented.

20. Concert Halls and Opera Houses: Music, Acoustics, and Architecture

By Leo Beranek
ISBN: 0-387-95524-0, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 2003
661 pages, Price: US $69

Review: This illustrated guide to one hundred of the world’s important concert halls and opera houses examines their architecture and engineering and discusses their acoustical quality as judged by conductors and music critics. The descriptions and photographs will serve as a valuable guide for today’s peripatetic performers and music lovers. With technical discussions relegated to appendices, the book can be read with pleasure by anyone interested in musical performance. In addition, Beranek describes how composers adapt the style of their music to particular halls and how musicians adjust their playing to complement the acoustics. He also proposes a common language for musicians and acousticians. The photographs (specially commissioned for this book) and architectural drawings (all to the same scale), together with modern acoustical data on each of the halls, provide a rich and unmatched resource on the design of halls for presenting musical performances. Together with the technical appendices, the data and drawings will serve as an invaluable reference for architects and engineers involved in the design of spaces for the performance of music.

21. Control of Complex Systems: Structural Constraints and Uncertainty

Authors: Aleksandar Zecevic, Dragoslav Siljak
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 2010
ISBN 978-1-4419-1215-2,
Price: $109


22. Designing Quiet Structures: A Sound Power Minimization Approach

By Gary H. Koopmann and John B. Fahnline
ISBN: 0-12-419245-9, Academic Press, San Diego, 1997
244 pages, Price: US $78.95

Review: This book is the first of its kind. Building on fundamental concepts, it introduces the reader to a unique method of modeling acoustics that allows noise to be treated as a parameter in the early design stages of a machine or structure. This unified methodology builds upon the familiar disciplines of acoustics, structural dynamics and optimization. For computing sound power, the authors have developed a new 3-D, lumped parameter, numerical acoustics program (POWER) that is included with the text in a diskette format. This user-friendly program can be applied to any noise-control-by-design problem in the most general sense. Detailed instructions for running POWER are given in the appendix along with several sample problems to help the user get started. The authors also describe a new instrument—a specially developed probe used to measure a structure's surface acoustic resistance. The measurement procedure is carefully explained and several example cases (e.g., an expansion chamber) are documented with enough detail for the reader to replicate. Throughout the book the reader is presented with actual experiments, both numerical' and physical, that they can expect to reproduce in their own laboratory. This a must-have book for engineers working in industries that include noise control in the design of a product. Its practical and didactic approach also makes it ideally suited for graduate students.

23. Dictionary of Acoustics

By Christopher L. Morfey
ISBN: 0-12-506940-5, Academic Press, 2001
430 pages, Price: US $73.95

Review: The science and technology of acoustics embraces an unusually wide range of disciplines, from aircraft noise reduction to ultrasonics in medicine and from psychoacoustics to signal processing. The student of acoustics has to become familiar with a corresponding range of specialist terms in order to communicate with others and to understand the literature. Here, in one informative dictionary, for the first time, are listed accurate and helpful definitions to provide the student or specialist from another discipline with a point of entry into the world of acoustics. The dictionary's 2,800 entries cover most of the essential concepts and terminology that the practicing acoustician needs to understand, outside the subfields of music and speech communication. The author has drawn on experience gained during a long career spent mostly at Southampton University's multidisciplinary Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, supplemented by the expertise and perspective of a team of subject specialists.

24. Digital Sound Synthesis by Physical Modeling Using the Functional Transformation Method

By Lutz Trautmann and Rudolf Rabenstein
ISBN: 0-306-47875-7, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003
226 pages, Price: US $115

Review: This book details and discusses the current state of the art in physical modeling of musi­cal instruments for real-time sound synthesis. It includes the derivation of mathematical models in the form of partial differential equations for the vibrational description of strings, membranes/plates, and resonant bodies. Their solution and simulation is first described by classical methods, including the finite difference method, digital waveguide method, and modal synthesis method. The focus of the text is on the new functional transformation method, providing an analytical solution to the underlying mathematical model. With its large number of examples, illustrations, and comparisons to other modeling techniques, this book is an excellent reference for graduate courses on sound synthe­sis techniques, as well as a reference for researchers in acoustics, mechanics, operational mathematics, and electrical engineering.

25. Ecology and Evolution of Acoustic Communication in Birds

Ed. by Donald E. Kroodsma and Edward H. Miller
ISBN: 0-8014-8221-6, Cornell University Press, 1996
587 pages, Price: $99.95 (hardcover), $ 39.95 (paperback)

Review: Birds provide model systems by which to study acoustic communication. For example, the variation in developmental programs among species and among different vocalizations within species has inspired studies of the interaction between genetic and environmental factors in producing sounds, the restriction of learning to sensitive phrases, and the transmission of vocal traditions in songbirds. With song often serving dual strategies of territorial defense and female attraction, studies using playback techniques have shown how birds interact, demonstrated differences between males and females in the perception of sounds, and indicated how females might choose males on the basis of sound. Bird song has also been a model system for understanding the interaction of neural and hormonal systems in the acquisition and control of learned sounds. The editors of this volume approached the most distinguished authorities in avian acoustic communication and asked each to describe particularly exciting topics for current and future research. Their responses constitute a comprehensive reference on bird behavior and animal communication.

26. Encyclopedia of Acoustics, 4 Vols.

Ed. by Malcolm J. Crocker
ISBN: 0-471-80465-7, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997
2096 pages, Price: £ 469, € 652.20

Review: Acoustics, sound, and vibration affect everything from the design of a concert hall to the workings of a stereo system to the intricacies of the human ear. This book examines all aspects of acoustics. It covers engineering aspects (aerodynamics and jet noise, interaction of fluid motion and sound, infrasound, ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, etc.) and scientific aspects (auditory function, acoustical properties of the outer and inner ear, psychological speech perception, music and musical acoustics, hearing and sound perception among vertebrate/invertebrate animals).

27. Encyclopedia of Vibration. Vols. 1-3

Ed. by Simon G. Braun, David J. Ewins, Singiresu S. Rao
ISBN: 0-12-227085-1, Academic Press, 2001
1645 pages, Price: US $975.95

Review: The Encyclopedia of Vibration is the first resource to cover this field so comprehensively. Approximately 190 articles cover everything from basic vibration theory to ultrasonics, from both fundamental and applied standpoints. Areas covered include vibrations in machines, buildings and other structures, vehicles, ships, and aircraft, as well as human response to vibration. Each article provides a concise and authoritative introduction to a topic. The Encyclopedia includes essential facts, background information, and techniques for modeling, analysis, design, testing, and control of vibration. It is highlighted with numerous illustrations and is structured to provide easy access to required information. Of interest to engineers and researchers in a range of fields, this set covers mainstream topics such as basic principles, sound radiation by vibrating structures, vibration isolation, damping principles, rotating systems, wave propagation, nonlinear behavior, and stability. Also addressed are topics prominent in the last two decades: software and computation, testing (and more specifically, modal testing/modeling), active vibration control, instrumentation, signal processing, smart materials, and vibration standards. Each article has an introduction and a list of further readings on the subject. The set features a glossary, seven appendices, and an index at the end of every volume. It also features hundreds of detailed figures and equations, plus color plate sections in each volume. The table of contents functions as a kind of index: mention is made of selected broad topics even though they have no entry. There, the reader is directed to specific entries within the broad category (e.g., active isolation, flutter, active control, hybrid control, etc.). The 120 contributors are largely from the U.S., but many are from a host of other nations.

28. Engineering Acoustics: An Introduction to Noise Control

By Michael Moeser
ISBN: 3-540-20236-6, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2004
289 pages, Price: US $89.95

Review: Engineering Acoustics is a teaching textbook that can serve as a tool for self-study and as a compendium for lectures as well. One of Moeser’s main goals is to not only describe how the topic develops but also explain why specific ways are chosen. The explanations are not restricted to mathematical formulas. Only the illustrative explanation relying on the reader's imagination creates comprehension. This book presents the foundations of that what nowadays seems necessary to make our environment quieter in buildings as well as in the open air. Fundamental chapters on the physics and perception of sound precede those on noise reduction methods. The last chapter deals with microphones and loudspeakers. Specific measurement procedures are discussed throughout the book, and no more than basic mathematical skills such as calculus are required. The appendix gives a short introduction on the use of complex amplitudes in acoustics.

29. Engineering Noise Control: Theory and Practice

By David Bies and Colin Hansen
ISBN: 0415267137, Spon Press, 2003, 3rd ed.
744 pages, Price: US $128

Review: This third edition of Engineering Noise Control has been thoroughly revised, updated and extended. Each chapter contains new material, much of which is not available elsewhere. The result is a comprehensive discussion of the theoretical principles and concepts of acoustics and noise control, a detailed discussion of the hearing mechanism, noise measuring instrumentation and techniques, noise criteria, sound source characterization and emission, outdoor sound propagation, sound in rooms, sound transmission through partitions, enclosure design, dissipative and reactive mufflers, vibration isolation, equipment sound power emission calculations and active noise cancellation. The book is an excellent text for advanced undergraduate or graduate students of acoustics and noise control, and it also contains the necessary information and prediction techniques that make it an invaluable resource for the practitioner.

30. Fault Diagnosis: Models, Artificial Intelligence, Applications

Ed. by J. Korbicz, J. M. Koscielny, Z. Kowalczuk, W. Cholewa
ISBN: 3-540-40767-7, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2004
920 pages, Price: US $229

Review: This comprehensive work presents the status and likely development of fault diagnosis, which has become an emerging discipline of modern control engineering. It covers the fundamentals of model-based fault diagnosis in a wide context relevant to industrial engineers and scientists as well as academics pursuing the reliability and fault detection issues of safety-critical industrial processes. The wide scope of the book provides graduate and postgraduate students of control and mechanical engineering or system sciences with a good introduction to the theoretical foundation and many basic approaches of fault detection as well as providing useful bibliographical information. It is a valuable reference book and a practical help for industrial control engineers in charge of the improvement and safety of technical control systems, of condition-based maintenance and repair, or of the design of fault tolerant control systems.

31. Fluid-Structure Interactions in Acoustics

Ed. by Dominique Habault
ISBN: 3-211-83147-9, Springer-Verlag Wien New York, 1999
304 pages, Price: US $88.95

Review: Nowadays, environmental pollution by noise and vibration is an important nuisance. The necessity of reducing this pollution has increased during the last decades. This volume presents an advanced overview on interaction phenomena between a structure and a fluid, including nonlinear aspects. Chapters 1 and 2 are mainly dedicated to the description of the phenomena and provide the basic equations. Chapters 3 to 5 are dedicated to analytical and numerical methods to compute the displacement on the structure and the sound pressure radiated in the fluid. Chapter 6 is dedicated to the modeling or nonlinear dynamics of structures excited by lows (quasi-steady fluid cases). Chapter 7 describes some or the noise radiation phenomena in the car-industry.

32. Formulas of Acoustics

By F. P. Mechel
ISBN: 3-540-42548-9, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2002
1175 pages, Price: US $199

Review: This collection of formulas has been written by applied scientists and industrial engineers for design professionals and students who work in engineering acoustics. It is subdivided into the most important fields of applied acoustics, each dealing with a well-defined type of problem. It provides easy and rapid access to profound and comprehensive information. In order to keep the text as concise as possible, the derivation of a formula is described only as far as necessary for its understanding. The interested reader can refer to the original source of the result. In addition to formulas, useful principles and computational procedures are given.

33. Fourier Acoustics: Sound Radiation and Nearfield Acoustical Holography

By Earl G. Williams
ISBN: 0-12-753960-3, Academic Press, 1999
306 pages, Price: US $89.95

Review: Fourier Acoustics develops the theory of sound radiation completely from the viewpoint of Fourier analysis. This powerful perspective of sound radiation provides the reader with a comprehensive and practical understanding that will enable him or her to diagnose and solve the sound and vibration problems of the 21st century. As a result of this perspective, Fourier Acoustics is able to present thoroughly and simply, for the first time in book form, the theory of nearfield acoustical holography, an important technique which has revolutionised the measurement of sound. The author is an internationally recognized acoustician whose pioneering research in the field of nearfield acoustical holography has impacted acoustics research and development throughout the world. Relying little on material outside the book, Fourier Acoustics will be invaluable as a graduate level text as well as a reference for researchers in academia and industry. The book is unique amongst acoustics texts, it is well illustrated and it includes exercises to reinforce the theory.

34. Fundamentals of Noise and Vibration

Ed. by Frank Fahy and John Walker
ISBN: 0-419-241809, E & FN Spon, London and New York, 1998
518 pages, Price: US $225

Review: Fundamentals of Noise and Vibration is based on the first semester of the postgraduate instructional Master’s Course in Sound and Vibration Studies at the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research in the University of Southampton. The main objective of the course is to provide students with the skills and knowledge required to practice in the field of noise and vibration control technology. Readers do not need prior formal training in acoustics, although a basic understanding of mechanics, fluid dynamics and applied mathematics is required. Many of the chapters use examples of models and forms of analysis to illustrate the principles which they introduce. By means of references to practical applications, accompanied by a wealth of reference citations, the book will benefit those wishing to extend their knowledge and understanding of acoustic and vibration technology for professional purposes. This is a companion volume to the as-yet-unpublished Advanced Topics in Noise and Vibration.

35. Fundamentals of Ocean Acoustics

By L. M. Brekhovskikh and Yu.P. Lysanov
ISBN: 0-387-95467-8, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., New York, 2003, 3rd ed.
278 pages, Price: US $99

Review: This book provides an up-to-date introduction to the theory of sound propagation in the ocean. The text treats both ray and wave propagation and pays considerable attention to stochastic problems such as the scattering of sound at rough surfaces and random inhomogeneities. An introductory chapter that discusses the basic experimental data complements subsequent theoretical chapters. New material has been added throughout for this third edition, and it includes interthermocline lenses and their effect on sound fields; weakly divergent bundles of rays; ocean acoustic tomography; coupled modes; sound scattering by anisotropic volume inhomogeneities with fractal spectra; and Voronovich's approach to sound scattering from the rough sea surface. In addition, the list of references has been brought up to date, and the latest experimental data have been included.

36. Fundamentals of Physical Acoustics

By David T. Blackstock
ISBN: 0-471-31979-1, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000
541 pages, Price: US $90

Review: Easy to read and understand, Fundamentals of Physical Acoustics fills a long-standing need for an acoustics text that challenges but does not overpower graduate students in engineering and physics. Mathematical results and physical explanations go hand in hand, and the book is unique in the balance it strikes between time-domain and frequency-domain presentations. The book is intended for a two-semester, first-year graduate course but is also suitable for advanced undergraduates. The discussion of plane waves in the first part of the book keeps the mathematics simple yet accommodates a broad range of topics, including propagation, reflection and transmission, normal modes and simple waveguides for rectilinear geometries, horns, inhomogeneous media, and sound absorption and dispersion. The second part of the book is devoted to a more rigorous development of the wave equation, spherical and cylindrical waves (including the more advanced mathematics required), advanced waveguides, baffled piston radiation, diffraction (treated in the time domain), and arrays. Applications and examples are drawn from atmospheric acoustics, noise control, underwater acoustics, engineering acoustics, and acoustical measurements. The text is supplemented with more than 300 graphs and figures as well as copious end-of-chapter problems.

37. Handbook of Acoustics

Ed. by Malcolm J. Crocker
ISBN: 0-471-25293-X, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998
1488 pages, Price: US $225

Review: Acoustical engineers, researchers, architects, and designers need a comprehensive, single-volume reference that provides quick and convenient access to important information, answers and questions on a broad spectrum of topics, and helps solve the toughest problems in acoustical design and engineering. The Handbook of Acoustics meets that need. It offers concise coverage of the science and engineering of acoustics and vibration. In more than 100 clearly written chapters, experts from around the world share their knowledge and expertise in topics ranging from basic aerodynamics and jet noise to acoustical signal processing, and from the interaction of fluid motion and sound to infrasound, ultrasonics, and quantum acoustics. The Handbook of Acoustics belongs on the reference shelf of every engineer, architect, research scientist, or designer with a professional interest in the propagation, control, transmission, and effects of sound.

38. Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement Systems

By Michael B. Histand and David G. Alciatore
ISBN: 0-07-029089-X, WCB/McGraw-Hill, 1999
400 pages, Price: US $118

Review: Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement Systems provides an accessible overview of the evolving field of mechatronics. The authors have taken careful steps to aim the measurement system and electronic engineering fundamentals instrumental in understanding mechatronic systems toward students. The text has been tested with students over several years to ensure complete accuracy. Both analysis and design considerations techniques are presented throughout the text, and the numerous illustrations, examples, and problems offer chances to see and apply mechatronics to actual problems encountered in engineering practice. Class discussion items serve as thought-provoking and interactive exercises, and several appendices, including one on measurement fundamentals, provide students a thorough review of supporting material.

39. Mechanical Vibrations in Spacecraft Design

By Jaap Wijker
ISBN: 3-540-40530-5, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2004
436 pages, Price: US $139

Review: This book presents an overview of typical and special modal and response analysis methods, applied within the frame of the design of spacecraft structures and is aimed at graduate students and engineers in the aerospace field. Subjects covered include single degree of freedom systems; transient-response analysis; random vibration of linear dynamic systems; and load transformation matrices.

40. Mechatronics by Bond Graphs: An Object-Oriented Approach to Modeling and Simulation

By V. Damic and J. Montgomery
ISBN: 3-540-42375-3, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2003
448 pages, Price: US $99, € 89,95

Review: Bondgraphs are a well-established technique for the modeling of complex engineering systems. The subject of this book is an integrated modeling and simulation of mechatronics systems in a visual computer environment. The modeling is based on a systemic top-down and bottom-up approach. The mathematical models are generated in a form of differential-algebraic equation and solved using numerical and symbolic algebra methods. The integrated approach developed is applied to mechanical, electrical and control systems, multibody dynamics, and continuous systems. The book contains a powerful computer simulation package on the accompanying CD-ROM. The BondSim package supports top-down and bottom-up model development using component libraries.

41. Noise and Vibration Control in Vehicles

Ed. by Malcolm J. Crocker and Nikolay I. Ivanov
ISBN: 5-7325-0090-1, Interpublish Ltd., 1993
352 pages, Price: US $70

Review: This is the first in a series of books written by engineers and scientists from leading countries to bring to you the latest techniques in acoustical engineering. The handbook deals with the main principles of noise and vibration control in different vehicles, including automobiles, trucks, farm tractors, road-making machinery and construction machinery. The book discusses noise sources, noise reduction methods and noise standards. Both theoretical approaches and experimental results are included. The authors describe procedures for predicting noise and methods for reducing noise including: use of vibration isolation, vibration damping, acoustical enclosures, sound absorption acoustical baffles, etc. Approaches and specific examples are presented for optimizing and selecting approaches which combine different methods to reduce noise and vibration in vehicles. Some particular examples of low-noise vehicle designs are described. This handbook is written for engineers and scientists working in the fields of vehicle design, manufacture and vehicle operation where the control of noise and vibration is of particular concern. It is also of general interest to all engineers and scientists involved in noise and vibration control.

42. Noise Control in Buildings: A Practical Guide for Architects and Engineers

By Cyril M. Harris
ISBN: 0-07-026887-8, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1994
Price: US $45

Review: Edited by world-renowned acoustical engineer Cyril M. Harris, this state-of-the-art reference offers practical guidelines for avoiding noise problems during the design and construction of new residential and commercial buildings, as well as for eliminating noise in existing structures. Noise Control in Buildings features contributions by leading authorities on noise control and contains by far the most complete data of any available source on the properties of acoustical materials and on the sound insulation of walls and floor/ceiling constructions. This wealth of technical information provides an invaluable resource for the professional as well as the nonprofessional. The volume provides complete information on the properties and selection of acoustical materials; the design of select wall and floor/ceiling constructions; airborne sound insulation; control of noise communicated by building structures; and acoustical characteristics of rooms. Also included are highly effective methods for dealing with noise problems in HVAC systems, plumbing systems, and machinery—plus the latest innovations in the design of buildings for noise control. Lucid explanations, together with simple charts and tables, make all noise control techniques easy to understand and apply.

43. Nondestructive Characterization and Imaging of Wood

By Voichita Bucur
ISBN: 3-540-43840-8, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2003
354 pages, Price: US $199

Review: The topic of nondestructive evaluation of wood properties has its origin in the need to solve practical problems. This book comprehensively reviews numerous aspects of imaging and nondestructive characterization of wood products, ranging from trees to the most complex wood-based composite. The text is of particular interest to those who are concerned with the study of wood as an engineering material for fundamental research or practical application. It presents the imaging of the internal structure of wood with methods based on the propagation of electromagnetic waves (X-rays, thermal waves, microwaves, ultrasonic waves, NMR) and with nuclear methods.

44. Nonlinear Acoustics

Mark F. Hamilton and David T. Blackstock
455 pp, Hardcover 2008 (originally published in 1996)

Review: Research monograph and reference for scientists and engineers, and textbook for a graduate course in nonlinear acoustics. Presented as 15 chapters written by leading experts in the field.

45. Nonlinear Dynamics: Integrability, Chaos and Patterns

By M. Lakshmanan and S. Rajasekar
ISBN: 3-540-43908-0, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2003
619 pages, Price: € 89,95 , US $109

Review: Integrability, chaos and patterns are three of the most important concepts in nonlinear dynamics and are covered in this book from fundamentals to recent developments. The book presents a self-contained treatment of the subject that will suit the needs of students, teachers and researchers in physics, mathematics, engineering and applied sciences who wish to gain a broad knowledge of nonlinear dynamics. It describes fundamental concepts, theoretical procedures, experimental and numerical techniques and technological applications of nonlinear dynamics. Numerous examples and problems are included to facilitate understanding of the concepts and procedures described. In addition to 16 chapters of main material, the book contains ten appendices which present in-depth mathematical formulations involved in the analysis of various nonlinear systems.

46. Occupational Exposure to Noise: Evaluation, Prevention and Control

Ed. by Berenice Goelzer, Colin H. Hansen, Gustav A. Sehrndt
ISBN: 3-89701-721-0, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2001
336 pages, Price: € 28

Review: This book is intended for occupational hygienists and other occupational health and safety personnel as an introduction to the subject and as a handbook as well. It provides an overview of the evaluation, prevention and control of exposure to noise at the workplace, with a view to preventing noise-induced hearing loss. It starts with the fundamentals of acoustics, including the quantities to be measured and their relation to the psychology of hearing. Further details are given in the following chapters on the physiology and pathophysiology of the ear and hearing. The discussion of the occupational causes of hearing loss and the impossibility to recover from severe damages of the inner ear leads to the important issue of exposure criteria. Since there is agreement that noise reduction at source is the first choice for preventing hearing loss, basic information on noise sources is given in the next chapter. The next two chapters deal with the evaluation of exposure to noise, covering strategy for noise surveys and details on the required instruments, including their use and calibration. In spite of all efforts to reduce noise at the workplace, it is necessary to monitor the individual's hearing by repeated audiometry; this is covered in an extensive chapter, which also deals with the training of audiometric testing personnel and the preparation of the workers to be tested. Legal provisions in many countries require the hazard prevention by control programmes. Principles and measures in engineering noise control, as well as hearing conservation programmes and their management, are also presented. Personal measures are covered in a chapter which includes an introduction to the different hearing protectors as well as workers' education and training. Sources of information are given in the last chapter emphasizing the importance of standards for noise control at the design stage and leads to collections of relevant case studies.

47. Ocean Acoustic Interference Phenomena and Signal Processing: San Francisco, California 2001, AIP conference proceedings

Edited by William A. Kuperman and Gerald L. D’Spain
ISBN: 0-7354-0070-9, Melville, New York, 2002
277 pages, Price: US $140

Review: The central theme of this volume, and the workshop from which it arose, is the robust description of phenomena and applications related to the interference structure of acoustic fields in ocean waveguides. This volume starts with a historical review of the subject with emphasis on the Russian literature where much of the original work appeared. Chapter 2 discusses experiments illustrating the complexities of the waveguide invariant in real shallow water acoustic environments. Chapter 3 details further experimental evidence of the utility of in range-dependent environments as well as the application of waveguide invariant techniques to plane wave beamforming with vertical arrays. Chapter 4 presents in great detail the use of the waveguide invariant concept to describe an assortment of interference structures that can be considered to be diffraction focusing. Chapters 5 and 6 discuss the distribution of the invariant and the use of a horizontal array to measure the p distribution. The existence of interference implies a structure to the energy flow in a waveguide. The relationship between interference, energy flow, and, ultimately, the waveguide invariant is discussed in Chapter 7. Environmentally driven acoustic fluctuations in an ocean waveguide are quite apparent as fluctuations in the interference structure of the acoustic pressure spectrum. The relation between acoustic variability and the waveguide invariant is presented in Chapter 8. Chapters 9 and 10 present novel ideas for possible applications using the nature of the interference structure in a waveguide. Finally, Chapter 11 contains a discussion of the effect of nonlinearity of high amplitude acoustic waves on such robust interference markers as convergence zones. This book will be useful to both experienced and new researchers in the field of underwater acoustics.

48. Optimal Protection from Impact, Shock, and Vibration

By D.V. Balandin, N.N. Bolotnik and W.D. Pilkey
ISBN: 90-5699-701-7, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 2001
436 pages, Price: US $115

Review: This book offers a comprehensive modern presentation of the theory of optimal isolation of impact, shock, and vibration, including a number of practical applications. The material covered is critical to the understanding of the physical principles underlying the behavior of the systems that are needed to provide protection from impact, shock or vibration. The basis for investigating the limiting capabilities is presented.

49. Passive Vibration Isolation

By Eugene I. Rivin
ISBN: 0-7918-0187-X, ASME Press, New York, 2003
432 pages, Price: US $160

Review: This valuable and well-written book provides a comprehensive treatment of the principles of design and the means for realization of passive vibration isolation systems for real-life objects. Special emphasis is given to effective techniques and methods that are not yet widely used in the practice of vibration isolation in industry. Chapters cover the basic analytical tools for designing such systems; principles and criteria for assigning principal parameters (natural frequencies and damping values) necessary for successful functioning of passive vibration isolation systems for major groups of objects (vibration-sensitive objects, vibration-generating objects, general purpose machinery); static and dynamic characteristics of the most widely used materials for vibration isolators; and basic designs of vibration isolators for various applications. The book is written with practitioners in mind, and many of the problems addressed and the solutions presented are relevant not only to the isolation of stationary sensitive equipment (the main thrust of the book), but also to civil engineering and transport applications.

50. Principles of Vibration

By Benson H. Tongue
ISBN: 0-19-510661-X, Oxford University Press, 1996
464 pages, Price: £ 31.99

Review: Benson Tongue takes a refreshingly informal approach to the understanding and analysis of vibrations. He strikes the right balance between detail and accessibility, offering in-depth analysis and a friendly writing style. Beginning with classical subjects, e.g., single-degree-of-freedom systems, the text moves into more modem material, emphasizing multiple-degree-of-freedom systems. Numerous problems challenge students to think and analyze outcomes of various techniques employed. Additional modal analysis and linear algebra are incorporated to solve problems, utilizing but not requiring MATLAB. Another innovative feature of the text is a chapter devoted to "Seat of the Pants Engineering," which brings together some of the common approaches engineers use to get a quick answer or to verify an analysis. At the same time, he applies them to all the systems that have been discussed in earlier chap­ters. Principles of Vibration is an ideal text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate stu­dents in mechanical, civil, and aeronautical engineering departments.

51. Principles of Vibration and Sound

By Thomas D. Rossing and Neville H. Fletcher
ISBN: 0-387-94336-6 (softcover), Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1995
247 pages, Price: US $49.95

Review: This book discusses the physics of mechanical vibrating systems, emphasizing normal modes of vibration. Beginning with the basics of free and forced motions of a simple harmonic oscillator (with electrical analogs indicated where appropriate), it goes on to discuss vibrations in one-dimensional systems, such as strings and bars, and two-dimensional systems, such as membranes and plates. The discussion of coupled systems includes strong as well as weak coupling and presents both mechanical and electrical examples. The treatment includes nonlinear systems and self-excited oscillators, as well as a brief explanation of modal analysis, including finite-element methods and modal testing. The concluding third of the book discusses the propagation of sound in air, including radiation, transmission, absorption, and diffraction. The treatment of radiation covers point, dipole, line, plane, and other sources, both with and without baffles. Propagation of sound in various kinds and shapes of pipes, horns and other acoustic components is discussed. Suitable as a text for advanced undergraduates, the book provides the foundations needed to understand the acoustics of rooms and musical instruments as well as the basics for scientists and engineers interested in noise and vibration.

52. Random Data: Analysis and Measurement Procedures

By Julius S. Bendat and Allan G. Piersol
ISBN: 0-471-31733-0, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000, 3rd ed.
594 pages, Price: US $110

Review: The classic reference on the theory and application of random data analysis has now been fully expanded and revised. The new edition continues to provide first-rate, practical tools for scientists and engineers who investigate dynamic data as well as those who use statistical methods to solve engineering problems. It is fully updated, covering new procedures developed since 1986 and extending the discussion to a remarkably broad range of applied fields, from aerospace and automotive industries to biomedical research. Comprehensive and self-contained, this new edition also greatly expands coverage of the theory, including derivations of key relationships in probability and random process theory not usually found in books of this kind. Special features include basic probability functions for level crossings and peak values of random data; complete derivations of both old and new practical formulas for statistical error analysis of computed estimates; the latest methods for data acquisition and processing as well as nonstationary data analysis; additional techniques on digital data analysis procedures; and new material on the analysis of multiple-input/multiple-output linear systems. The text also includes numerous examples and problem sets and hundreds of updated illustrations and references.

53. Rigid Body Dynamics of Mechanisms: Vol. 1, Theoretical Basis

By Hubert Hahn
ISBN: 3-540-42373-7, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2002
336 pages, Price: US $109, € 99,95

Review: This monograph presents an introduction into basic mechanical aspects of mechatronic systems for students, researchers and engineers from industrial practice. An overview over the theoretical background of rigid body mechanics is given as well as a systematic approach for deriving and solving model equations of general rigid body mechanisms in the form of differential-algebraic equations (DAE). The objective of this book is to prepare the reader to efficiently handle and apply general purpose rigid body programs to complex mechanisms. The reader will be able to set up symbolic mathematical models of planar and spatial mechanisms in DAE-form for computer simulations, often required in dynamic analysis and in control design. The second volume of Rigid Body Dynamics of Mechanisms (ISBN 3-540-02237-6) covers applications via a systematic method for deriving model equations of planar and spatial mechanisms.

54. Rigidity in Dynamics and Geometry

Ed. by Marc Burger and Alessandra Iozzi
ISBN: 3-540-43243-4, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2002
492 pages, Price: US $99, € 89,95

Review: This volume is an offspring of the special semester "Ergodic Theory, Geometric Rigidity and Number Theory" held at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge, UK, from January to July, 2000. Some of the major recent developments in rigidity theory, geometric group theory, flows on homogeneous spaces and Teichmueller spaces, quasi-conformal geometry, negatively curved groups and spaces, Diophantine approximation, and bounded cohomology are presented here. The authors have given special consideration to making the papers accessible to graduate students, with most of the contributions starting at an introductory level and building up to presenting topics at the forefront in this active field of research. The volume contains surveys and original unpublished results as well and is an invaluable source also for the experienced researcher. It will also be of use to graduate students and researchers in rigidity theory, dynamical systems and ergodic theory, number theory, geometric group theory, and Riemannian geometry

55. Room Acoustics

By Heinrich Kuttruff
ISBN: 0-419-24580-4, Spon Press, London, 2000, 4th ed.
349 pages, Price: US $176

Review: Since the publication of the first edition in 1973, this classic professional and scientific reference has become the standard work in the field, providing detailed analysis of the state of the art in room acoustics. This edition considers the theory and practice of sound behavior in enclosed spaces, a key area for acoustical engineers worldwide, with particular emphasis on the properties and calculation of reverberation, the most obvious acoustical feature of a closed room. Further key topics include the mechanisms of sound absorption and psychoacoustical factors from which design parameters and figures of merit are derived. Two chapters are devoted to practical questions, such as measuring techniques and the procedures of room acoustical design. The interaction between a room's acoustic properties and its electroacoustic systems is also considered, and refined systems for optimizing listening conditions in a room are presented. The new edition also has been revised to address new technology and methodology. It includes new sections on sound reflection from curved boundaries and on diffraction and scattering; an updated section on measuring methods; recent developments in room simulation and auralization; and a discussion of major developments in the application of electroacoustics to performance halls. The mathematics used in deriving the formulae and explaining the physics of acoustics is generally elementary, making the text accessible to a wide range of readers, from students of acoustical engineering to practitioners in room acoustical design.

56. Seismic Wave Propagation and Scattering in the Heterogeneous Earth

By Haruo Sato and Michael C. Fehler
ISBN: 0-387-98329-5, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1998
308 pages, Price: US $84.95

Review: Seismic waves—generated both by natural earthquakes and by man-made sources—have produced an enormous amount of information about the Earth's interior. This book focuses on recent developments in the area of seismic wave propagation and scattering through the randomly heterogeneous structure of the Earth, with emphasis on the lithosphere. The presentation combines information from many sources to present a coherent introduction to the theory of scattering in acoustic and elastic materials and includes analyses of observations using the theoretical methods developed. Written for advanced undergraduates or graduate students of geophysics or planetary sciences, this book should also be of interest to civil engineers, seismologists, acoustical engineers, and others interested in wave propagation through inhomogeneous elastic media. It is part of the Modern Acoustics and Signal Processing Series.

57. Shock Focusing Effect in Medical Science and Sonoluminescence

Ed. by R. C. Srivastava, K. Takayama, D. Leutloff, H. Gronig
ISBN: 3-540-42514-4, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 2003
226 pages, Price: US $79.95, € 69,95

Review: This collection of writings on fundamental research in shock focusing, related bubble dynamics and their applications in medical science, and sonoluminescence addresses the current status of shock measurement technique and correlated clinical findings. It is aimed primarily at medical practitioners; technical researchers of lithotripsy; and gas dynamicists and includes a number of figures and tables. This book is an attempt to bring the fundamental research in shock focusing and its application in medical science and sonoluminescence together. It contains articles devoted to shock focusing and bubble dynamics of shock focusing and their application in medical science. The destructive action of cavitation bubbles collapsing the near boundary is discussed along with the importance of promoting the destruction of materials, especially kidney stones. An interesting article on extracorporeal shock waves, bioeffects, and the mechanism of action sheds light on possible future applications of shock waves. The current status of the development of shock measurement techniques and correlated clinical findings is discussed. The shock theory of sonoluminescence is also an important part of the book and addresses researchers in biophysics, medical physics and in the medical sciences.

58. Sinusoidal Vibration, Vol. 1, Mechanical Vibration & Shock Series

By Christian Lalanne
ISBN: 1-56032-985-8, Taylor & Francis Publishing, Inc., New York, 2002
312 pages, Price: US $150

Review: This important new series of five volumes has been written with both the professional engineer and the academic in mind. In this volume, Lalanne explores every aspect of vibration and shock, two fundamental and crucially important areas of mechanical engineering, from both theoretical and refreshingly practical standpoints. The relative and absolute response of a mechanical system with a single degree of freedom is considered for arbitrary excitation, and its transfer function defined in various forms. The characteristics of sinusoidal vibration are placed in the context both of the real world and of laboratory tests, and transient and steady-state response of the single-degree-of-freedom system. First viscous damping and then non-linear damping is considered. The various types of swept sine and their properties are described and. for the one-degree-of-freedom system, the consequences of an inappropriate choice of sweep rate are considered. From the latter, rules governing the choice of suitable sweep rates are developed.

59. Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Mobile and Wireless Communications

By C. K. Campbell
ISBN: 0-12-157340-0, Academic Press, 1998
631 pages, Price: US $150

Review: Written for readers with or without surface acoustic wave (SAW) experience, this book covers a wide range of SAW filter- and device-design techniques as well as applications to mobile and wireless circuitry. It provides numerous references and worked examples on SAW devices to highlight various aspects, and contains illustrations from many leading electronic companies around the world. The first half of the book covers the principles of SAW devices. The second half focuses on application to the mobile wireless fields including SAW devices for antenna duplexers, RF and IF filters for oscillators, filters for on-board satellite communications, as well as coding and convolvers for indoor/outdoor spread-spectrum communications. The volume will serve as an excellent source for engineers and designers with some SAW background, of for technical staff with no prior knowledge of SAW devices who need to know how this technology can hemp their products. It can be used as a textbook for senior and graduate students engages in the study of signal processing techniques and systems for mobile communications.

60. The Acoustic World of Early Modern England: Attending to the O-Factor

By Bruce R. Smith
ISBN: 0-226-76377-3, The University of Chicago Press, 1999
386 pages, Price: US $21

Review: We know how a Shakespeare play sounds when performed today, but what would listeners have heard within the O of the Globe Theater in 1599? What sounds would have filled the air in early modern England, and what would these sounds have meant to people in that largely oral culture? In this ear-opening journey into the sound-worlds of Shakespeare's contemporaries, Bruce R. Smith explores both the physical aspects of human speech (ears, lungs, tongue) and the surrounding environment (buildings, landscape, climate), as well as social and political structures. Drawing on a staggeringly wide range of evidence, he crafts a historical phenomenology of sound, from reconstructions of the "sound-scapes" of city, country, and court to detailed accounts of the acoustic properties of the Globe and Blackfriars theaters and how scripts designed for the two spaces exploited sound very differently.

61. The Harvard Dictionary of Music

By Don Michael Randel
ISBN: 0-674-01163-5, Harvard University Press, 2003, 4th ed.
978 pages, Price: US $39.95

Review: The Harvard Dictionary of Music, a classic reference work and the best one-volume music dictionary available, has been brought completely up to date in this brand-new edition. The Harvard Dictionary of Music has long been admired for its wide range as well as its reliability. This treasure trove includes entries on all the styles and forms of Western music; comprehensive articles on the musics of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Near East; descriptions of instruments enriched by historical background; and articles that cover popular music, jazz, and rock. Changes and additions are most obvious in three areas: rock and pop; world music, and present-day interests. New entries include: Hip Hop, DJ, Music Video, Rap, Tumtablism, American popular song, Islamic Music, Fiddling, Klezmer Music, and the music of Central Asia. Throughout this fourth edition, existing articles have been fine-tuned and new entries added so that the dictionary fully reflects current music scholarship and recent developments in musical culture. Encyclopedia-length articles by notable experts alternate with short entries for quick reference, including definitions and identifications of works and instruments. More than 220 drawings and 250 musical examples enhance the text. This is an invaluable book that no music lover can afford to be without.

62. The Soundscape of Modernity: Architectural Acoustics and the Culture of Listening in America, 1900-1933

By Emily Thompson
ISBN: 0-262-20138-0, MIT Press, USA, 2002
500 Pages, Price: US $44.95

Review: In this history of aural culture in early-twentieth-century America, Thompson charts dramatic transformations in what people heard and how they listened. What they heard was a new kind of sound that was the product of modern technology. They listened as newly critical consumers of aural commodities. By examining the technologies that produced this sound, as well as the culture that enthusiastically consumed it, Thompson recovers a lost dimension of the Machine Age and deepens our understanding of the experience of change that characterized the era. Reverberation equations, sound meters, microphones, and acoustical tiles were deployed in places as varied as Boston’s Symphony Hall, New York’s office skyscrapers, and the soundstages of Hollywood. The control provided by these technologies, however, was applied in ways that denied the particularity of place, and the diverse spaces of modern America began to sound alike as a universal new sound predominated. Although this sound—clear, direct, efficient, and nonreverberant—had little to say about the physical space in which it was produced, it speaks volumes about the culture that created it. By listening to it, Thompson constructs a compelling new account of the experience of modernity in America.

63. Ultrasonic Instruments and Devices

by Emmanuel P. Papadakis
ISBN: 0-12-531951-7, Academic Press, San Diego, 2000
809 pages, Price: US $110

Review: Comments: Ultrasonic Instruments and Devices provides a rigorous introduction to the technology and techniques of modern ultrasonic instrumentation. A chapter is devoted to each major engineering area, and each chapter is written by one or more world-class experts in the particular area covered by the chapter. Topics such as fabrication and characterization of transducers, surface acoustic wave technology, frequency control devices, and ultrasonic imaging and microscopy systems are covered. Applications in medical diagnostics, nondestructive evaluation, and industrial control sensors are included with descriptions of how these instruments are used in a wide variety of situations. One entire chapter is devoted to essays that provide useful advice on the ways and means of bringing inventions out of the laboratory and onto the showroom floor. Throughout the book, there is a focus on research successes that have become commercial successes. Ultrasonic Instruments and Devices will prove useful to researchers, managers, and students.

64. Understanding Active Noise Cancellation

By Colin H. Hansen
ISBN: 0-415-23377-1, Spon Press, 2001
162 pages, Price: US $24.99

Review: This volume provides a concise introduction to the fundamentals and applications of active control of sound for the non-expert. It is also a useful quick reference for the specialist engineer. The emphasis throughout is on the practical applications of technology, therefore complex control algorithms and structures are only discussed to the extent that they aid understanding. This is a self-contained text for those seeking an overview of the key issues—fundamentals, control systems, transducers, applications—but it also provides extensive recommendations for continued reading in the subject and is a starting point for further work.

65. Vibration Control of Active Structures

By Andre Preumont
ISBN: 1-4020-0496-6 (hardcopy), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2002, 2nd ed.
385 pages, Price: US $152, € 138, £ 95

Review: This text is an introduction to the dynamics of active structures and to the feedback control of lightly damped flexible structures; the emphasis is placed on basic issues and simple control strategies that work. Topics covered include the dynamics of active structures; the open loop transfer functions are derived from the constitutive equations; the discussion includes active trusses with piezoelectric struts, and beams and shells with embedded laminar piezoelectric actuators and sensors. Two chapters focus on the virtues of collocated actuator/sensor configurations and how they can be exploited to develop active damping with guaranteed stability. Two more chapters focus on topics relating to SISO. The remaining chapters provide discussion on optimal control using of optimal control using the Riccati equation, a review of the concepts of controllability, observability and stability, semi-active control, including some materials on magneto-rheological fluids, various practical applications to active damping, precision positioning and vibroacoustics, and active damping of cable- structures. This book is intended for structural engineers who want to acquire some background in vibration control; it can be used as a textbook for a graduate course on vibration control or active structures. The text is supplemented with 113 problems, and a solutions manual is available through the publisher to teachers using this book as a textbook.

66. Wave Propagation in Structures: Spectral Analysis Using Fast Discrete Fourier Transforms

By James F. Doyle
ISBN: 0-387-94940-2 (hardcover), Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1997, 2nd ed.
320 pages, Price: € 69.95

Review: This book introduces spectral analysis as a means of investigating wave propagation and transient oscillations in structures. After developing the foundations of spectral analysis and the fast Fourier transform algorithm, the book provides a thorough treatment of waves in rods, beams, and plates, and introduces a novel matrix method for analyzing complex structures as a collection of waveguides. The presentation includes an introduction to higher-order structural theories, the results of many experimental studies, practical applications, and source-code listings for many programs. An extensive bibliography provides an entry to the research literature. Intended as a textbook for graduate students of aerospace or mechanical engineering, the book will also be of interest to practicing engineers in these and related disciplines.

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